Race, ethnicité, peuples autochtones et politique

L13(b) - Theories and Practices of/in Social Movements

Date: Jun 13 | Heure: 01:45pm to 03:15pm | Salle:

Chair/Président/Présidente : Isadora Seconi (York University)

Discussant/Commentateur/Commentatrice : Tania Islas Weinstein (McGill University)

Exploring the Influence of Power Inequality between Racial Groups in the United States on the Transition of Nonviolent Movements to Violent Ones: Felix Akinboyewa (Kent State University)
Abstract: Academics and society widely debate power inequality and social movements. Majority and minority racial groups frequently use nonviolent movements to promote their rights and effect social change. The initial intentions of the majority of nonviolent campaigns are to effect social change, however, I argue that as the campaign progresses, the perceptions of power inequality between the racial groups by the minority group participating in the nonviolent campaign shape minority group’s actions during the campaign. I further argue that minority groups’ actions influence the transition of such movements from nonviolent to violent ones. No empirical research has been conducted on how power inequality between groups participating in nonviolent movements in the United States affects the likelihood of such movements transitioning to violent ones. This research attempts to fill this gap. The study will rely on Erica Chenoweth's NAVCO 3.0 dataset; the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Human Development Index dataset; and the ACLED dataset. Employing logistic regression analysis to analyze the nonviolent and violent campaign datasets from 1991 to 2012 and analyzing a case of Black Lives Matter campaign data from 2020 to 2023, the study attempts to Understand the reasons for this transition. The finding is crucial for promoting nonviolent social change and tackling ingrained racial inequality in the United States.

Intergenerational Theory: Gearing Political Theory and Social Movements for the Future: Toby Rollo (Lakehead Univeristy)
Abstract: Social movements both inform and are informed by political theory. And so, the success of movements hinges to some extent on how political problems and solutions are conceptualized. In this paper, I argue that the struggles of contemporary social movements, and the erosion of past gains, are due in part to a deficiency of what I will call ‘intergenerational theory’. Intergenerational theory is way we think about how just relations are to be achieved not only in the moment, but also sustained over time, through successive generations. Through an analysis of contemporary social movements and associated models of normative political theory (i.e., liberal, socialist, feminist, anti-racist, decolonial, queer and disability theory), I show that our prioritization of the young and the future tends to be rhetorical – our diachronic intergenerational concerns are generally subordinated to our synchronic generationally self-serving commitments. Social movements tend to focus on (a) the immediate state of norms and law, to be address through (b) the agency and power of adults and adult-centred institutions. I conclude with a discussion of how theorists can incorporate intergenerational theory and how some models of critical political theory are more amenable to intergenerational thinking than others.

Palestinian Diaspora Political Engagement: Beyond Protest: Emily Wills (University of Ottawa)
Abstract: Palestinian cultural production, within diaspora and outside of it, has an important role in the preservation of Palestinian culture as well as providing material, ideological, and emotional support for continued political engagement in support of Palestinian liberation. As a part of ongoing research into Palestinian diaspora cultural production and its relationships to transnational flows between Palestine and North America, this paper will explore how cultural production remained a part of the political repertoire of Palestinians in Canada and the US during the escalation of violence that began in October 2023. Tatreez (traditional embroidery) and the promotion of traditional foodways (especially the olive harvest, ongoing during this escalation) both provide opportunities to articulate Palestinian identity and to strengthen the felt attachment between diasporans and Palestine during crucial moments when other forms of political action, like protest, are most needed.