Politique canadienne

A19(b) - COVID-19 in Canada: Equity, Participation, and Public Trust

Date: Jun 14 | Heure: 01:45pm to 03:15pm | Salle:

Chair/Président/Présidente : Holly Ann Garnett (Royal Military College of Canada/Queen's University)

Discussant/Commentateur/Commentatrice : Holly Ann Garnett (Royal Military College of Canada/Queen's University)

Women and Political Participation During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Patricia Mockler (Queen's University), Elizabeth Goodyear-Grant (Queen's University), Laura Stephenson (Western University), Allison Harell (Université du Québec à Montréal)
Abstract: This paper explores the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic for women’s political participation in Canada. Drawing on data from the Canadian Election Study’s Democracy Checkup surveys, we examine how women’s participation evolved with the introduction of public health measures to manage the spread of the virus. Political participation has long been stratified by ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status in Canada. Women, racialized people, and people living with lower incomes participate in politics at lower rates than their white, male, and wealthier counterparts (Davidson et al. 2020; Tolley 2019; Bashevkin 2011). The disruptions caused by the COVID -19 pandemic changed the availability of important resources that are precursors to political participation; time, money, and access to opportunities for political socialization became scarcer. These disruptions were not distributed equally across sociodemographic groups but instead have been structured by the politics of gender, ethnicity, and class and have been most pronounced for those citizens who were less likely to participate in politics before the pandemic. Prior to the onset of the pandemic, women spent more time on domestic care work than men. Time use data collected in 2020 suggests that this gender gap in household labour widened with the closure of childcare facilities such as daycares and schools (Qian and Fuller 2020). We hypothesize that the additional time spent on domestic tasks was a barrier to women’s political participation during this time. We explore women’s political participation between 2020 and 2022 to better understand the gendered implications of the pandemic in Canada.

Equity in COVID-19 Vaccination: Exploring the Impact of Local Transit Access in Alberta’s Largest Cities: Kael Kropp (McGill University), Alexandra Hays-Alberstat (McGill University)
Abstract: The healthcare system in Canada is a complex network overseen by federal, provincial, and territorial authorities, each with specific responsibilities (Martin et al., 2018). However, municipal-level decisions also play a vital role in achieving national health objectives, especially in ensuring health equity. A recent example is the challenge of achieving equity in COVID-19 vaccinations (Sebring et al., 2022). Even seemingly trivial municipal decisions related to transit infrastructure and planning can have significant impacts on individuals’ healthcare access (Foth et al., 2013). Transportation access is strongly influenced by socioeconomic disparities (Rezvani et al., 2023), mirroring healthcare distribution disparities within provincial jurisdiction that often favour privileged groups over vulnerable populations (Collins and Hayes, 2010). Public health emergencies, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, highlight the increasing importance of these local decisions. Previous municipal planning and development choices reveal disparities and strengths, particularly in connecting urban populations with lower incomes or lacking alternative transportation means to life-saving services. This study explores how local transit infrastructure in and around Alberta’s two largest cities, Calgary and Edmonton, influenced COVID-19 vaccine coverage between 2021 and 2022. Preliminary data analysis indicates that access to transit significantly facilitated vaccine uptake among vulnerable populations. Utilizing remote sensing and linear regression techniques with Alberta government datasets, we empirically examine how proximity to public transportation influenced vaccine coverage in these regions. The results emphasize the importance of intergovernmental collaboration between municipal and provincial governments and underscore the significance of accessible and comprehensive public transit systems.